Proof Certain that Yisraelites were In Egypt


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The Plagues of Egypt 

The First Nine Plagues

“United Egypt in the Old Kingdom disintegrated into individual kingdoms (nomarchs) after the 6th Dynasty until almost the end of the 11th Dynasty. This period of disunity, possibly described in the Admonitions of Ipuwer, lasted some 300 years and is generally contemporary with the Middle Bronze I period [2200 – 1570 B. C.] in which there is little evidence of sedentary culture in Palestine.”

– “Ancient Palestine Gallery with Biblical References”
A number of explanations have been advanced to explain the plagues described in the Book of Exodus.
“There was sufficient vulcanism in what is now northern Saudi Arabia, at this time, to explain the cloud. Visualize modern Pinatubo. The stinging insects would be red hot bits of fly ash, the waters of the Nile turning red, similar to modern red tides, an algae bloom, depriving the water of oxygen and driving the frogs out into the fields; etc.”
whittet@shore.net

The first nine plagues “can be explained as natural phenomena, occurring as a result of an abnormally high Nile inundation between July and the following March…The Nile turning to blood could reflect the fact that its waters were filled with red earth carried in suspension from the highlands of Ethiopia. As a result, the river would then become polluted and frogs would infest the shores in search of shelter. Mosquitoes and flies would find ideal breeding grounds in the brackish ponds left behind by the receding floodwaters.

“The death of Egypt’s livestock could be due to an anthrax epidemic spread by the insects with men and animals breaking out in sores. Hail ruining the crops of flax and barley could have happened in January, when such a climatic phenomenon, though rare, is most likely to occur. Swarms of locusts could have been blown into the Nile valley by winds from the Sudan and Ethiopia and the three days of darkness are typical of a severe khamsin, a sandstorm of unusual proportions.”
– Great Events of Bible Times

The Admonitions of Ipuwer is believed to have been written around 1780 B.C.E. according to the astronomical computations of the Sothis period.
“The Ipuwer papyrus is believed to be a Middle Kingdom document dating from a tumultuous period during which five dynasties, three Egyptian and two foreign, vied for power, sometimes ruling simultaneously. Most scholars place the Ipuwer papyrus in the Thirteenth Dynasty, traditionally dated about 1600 B.C., but it is important to note that insufficient knowledge make dating everything except the Thera ash layer…very difficult.”
– Charles Pellegrino, Unearthing Atlantis (1991) p. 78
Events described on the papyrus seem to remarkably parallel passages in the Book of Exodus which, according to biblical chronology, occurred in 1447 B.C.E.
(For the other textual parallels, see Egyptian & Old Testament Scriptural Correspondences.)
“The land – to its whole extent confusion and terrible noise….For nine days there was no exit from the palace and no one could see the face of his fellow….Towns were destroyed by mighty tides….Upper Egypt suffered devastation…blood everywhere…pestilence throughout the country….No one really sails north to Byblos today. What shall we do for cedar for our mummies? Priests were buried with their produce, and nobles were embalmed with the oil thereof as far away as Keftiu [Crete], but men of Keftiu come no longer. Gold is lacking…How important it now seems when the oasis people come carrying their festival produce”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer
In his book, The Admonitions of an Egyptian Sage from a Hieratic Papyrus in Leiden, Alan H. Gardiner “argued that all the internal evidence of the text points to the historical character of the situation. Egypt was in distress; the social system had become disorganized; violence filled the land. Invaders preyed upon the defenseless population; the rich were stripped of everything and slept in the open, and the poor took their possessions. ‘It is no merely local disturbance that is here described, but a great and overwhelming national disaster’.”
– Immanuel Velikovsky, Ages in Chaos
“Forsooth, the Desert is throughout the land. The nomes are laid waste. A foreign tribe from abroad has come to Egypt.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:5-6
[The “foreign tribe from abroad” appears to refer to the invading Hyksos.]
“The American historian J. G. Benett Jr. and Professor Galanopoulos have recently dealt with these prophetic texts and have both concluded that they describe the consequences of the Theran eruption in Egypt and the eastern Mediterranean. Moreover, Benett has express the opinion that the plaques of Egypt as described in Exodus might be due to the effects of the eruption.”
– Christos G. Doumas Thera – Pompeii of the Ancient Aegean, p. 149

“…There was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.”
– Exodus 7:21
“Plague is throughout the land. Blood is everywhere.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:5-6
“…’Blood everywhere’ could be a reference to people coughing up blood after inhaling the ash of Thera, or to the Nile River, polluted with acidy, sulfuric ash, filled with rotting fish and transformed, in effect, from the bringer of life to the river of death.”
– Charles Pellegrino, Unearthing Atlantis (1991) p. 79
“…All the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.”
– Exodus 7:20
“The river is blood.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:10″Forsooth, gates, columns and walls are consumed by fire.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:10″…The flax and the barely was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was boiled.”
“…There remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the fields, through all the land of Egypt.”
– Exodus 9:31, 10:15
“The land is left over to its weariness like the cutting of flax.”
“Forsooth, grain has perished on every side.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 5:12, 6:3″…The hand of the Lord will strike with a deadly pestilence your livestock in the field…”
– Exodus 9:3
“All animals, their hearts weep. Cattle moan…”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 5:53″And he that regarded not the word of the Lord left his servants and his cattle in the field.”
– Exodus 9:21
“Behold, cattle are left to stray, and there is none to gather them together. Each man fetches for himself those that are branded with his name.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 9:2-3

“…Total darkness covered all Egypt for three days.”
– Exodus 10:22b
“The land is not light…”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 9:11

The Last Plague
“Then the Lord said to Moses, ‘I will send just one more disaster on Pharaoh and his land, and after that he will let you go; in fact, he will be so anxious to get rid of you that he will practically throw you out of the country. Tell all the men and women of Israel to ask their Egyptian neighbors for gold and silver jewelry’.”
– Exodus 11:1-2 (Living Bible)
“Yahweh gave the people such prestige in the eyes of the Egyptians, that they gave them what they asked. So they plundered the Egyptians.”
– Exodus 12:36New Jerulsalem Bible
“The storehouse of the king is the common property of everyone.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer10:3

“And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon.”
– Exodus 12:29
“Forsooth, the children of princes are dashed against the walls.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 4:3, also 5:6

“…There was not a house where there was not one dead.”
– Exodus 12:30
“He who places his brother in the ground is everywhere.”
“Forsooth, those who were in the place of embalment were laid on the high ground.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 2:13 and 4:4, also 6:16

“…There was a great cry in Egypt.”
– Exodus 12:30
“It is groaning that is throughout the land, mingled with lamentations.”
– Admonitions of Ipuwer 3:14

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~ by tellitlikeitizsista on October 2, 2010.

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